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english grammer world

Article 'the'

1. the only one

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) We use 'the', when there is only one of something.
p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) We can use 'the' with the superlatives.

the moon the earth the sun
the world the highest the longest
the shortest ..... .....

(ex) What is the highest mountain in the world?
(The highest mountain is only one in the world)
(ex) Your car is the most expensive car in our school.
(the superlative)


2. to indicate already referred something

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) We can use 'the', when something (noun) is referred in previous sentence.

(ex) I have a computer, and the computer is made in U.S.A
(ex) I have a pencil with me, and the pencil costs $2.


3. nouns with qualifying phrases

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) Sometimes when nouns with qualifying phrases, you can use the nouns with 'the'.

(ex) The history of Chinese is interesting.
(ex) This is the pencil that I used the day before yesterday.


4. the superlatives, the ordinal numerals, very, only, same

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) The superlative : the most beautiful, the best, the oldest, .....
p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) The ordinal numbers : the first, the second, the third, the forth, .....
p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) We use the before very, only, same.

(ex) She is the most beautiful women in our school.
(ex) It was the first time that he won in the race.

(ex) Your English book is the same as mine.


5. the + adjective

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) When we refer to all members of a group, we use the + adjective.

the employed the dead the sick
the homeless the young the rich
the injured the old .....
p_todaynew.gif (1315 bytes) Example : The employed = people who have a job

(ex) The rich should pay more tax than the poor.
(ex) The young can do anything.


6. the + nationality

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) The + nationality is the people of that country.

the French the people of France
the English the people of England
the Spanish the people of Spain

(ex) The French love their country.
(ex) The Chinese have the great of wall.


7. the + a proper noun

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) a government office, a public institution

the White House the Central Museum the state Department
the Parliament House ..... .....

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) a ship, a train, an airplane

the KAL the Quantas the Titanic
the JAL the Mayflower .....

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) a river, a peninsula, a sea, a canal, mountains

the Korean Peninsula the Atlantic the Yara
the Pacific the Suez .....

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) a newspaper, a magazine

the Time the Washington Post the Age
the Donga ..... .....

(ex) She usually reads the Time.
(ex) When he visited the White House, there were many people.


nouns and articles