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english grammer world

Verb + to or verb + -ing

1. verb + to

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) Some verbs require an infinitive in the complement.

afford agree aim
arrange attempt decide
deserve fail forget
hope learn manage
offer plan promise
threaten .... ....

(ex) He decided to study in USA.
(ex) How old were you when you learnt to play golf?


2. verb +

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) Some verbs require an -ing form in the complement.

admit avoid consider
delay deny fancy
finish imagine involve
miss practice postpone
stop enjoy ....

(ex) Have you considered studying in another country?
(ex) I enjoyed talking with my friend.

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) Some verb phrases require an -ing form in the complement.

approve of be better off count on
forget about get through insist on
look forward to object to think of

(ex) How about going to China when you get through studying?
(ex)  I looked forward to meeting my old friend.


3. different meaning between to...  and

p_yellow.gif (104 bytes) When some verbs have a infinitive in the complement or have a ... ing form in the
complement, their meanings are different.

remember +

remember + to

I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this I remembered to do something = I remembered that I had to do it, and so I did it.

(ex) I remember paying an entrance fee. (= I paid it, and now I remember this)
(ex) Remember to do your homework. (= don't forget to do homework)

regret +

regret + to

I regret doing something = I did it and now I'm sorry about it I regret to do something = I'm sorry that I have to do (say, tell, inform)

(ex) I regret buying a car. I should not have bought it.
(ex) We regret to inform you that you failed to enter university.

need +

need + to

Something needs doing = something needs to be done. I need to do something = it is necessary for me to do it.

(ex) She needs to study harder if she wants to enter good university.
(ex) This room needs tidying.


nouns and articles